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U.S. Electoral aid and party assistance and the 1988 Presidential Plebiscite in Chile

©2022 Studienarbeit 16 Seiten

Zusammenfassung

With the national referendum on October 25th of 2020, in which nearly 80% of the electorate agreed on the drafting of a new constitution that aimed to put an end to the lasting legacies of Pinochet’s dictatorship, Chileans set a historical milestone that would make room for new political reform and thus broaden democracy in the country. Being ranked as the second most free country in Latin America, Chile has proven to have successfully reconsolidated democratic tradition after a nearly 20-year dictatorial regime under General Augusto Pinochet between 1973 and 1990. In view of recent political events in the country, it results of vital importance to go back to the late 1980s. In this vein, the 1988 presidential plebiscite does not only represent a pivotal event for the 20th century but stands for a turning point in Chilean modern history, since it put an end to 17 years of dictatorial rule and set a breakthrough democracy.
It is worth highlighting that despite such development, the transition to democracy did not occur without difficulties. Legacies dating back from Pinochet’s era indeed continue to shape political debate until the present day. This, however, raises interesting and politically relevant questions around the long-term impact of democracy promotion, more specifically of electoral aid and party assistance. The following paper aims thus to assess the impact of U.S electoral aid and party assistance in the outcome of the aforementioned plebiscite. Chile, unlike other cases of U.S democracy promotion in the continent, is conspicuous for its relatively peaceful democratization, which is why it has become one of the exemplary cases of assisting democracy by these means.

Details

Seiten
16
Erscheinungsform
Originalausgabe
Jahr
2022
ISBN (PDF)
9783961164578
Sprache
Deutsch
Institution / Hochschule
Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main – Politikwissenschaft/Friedens-und Konfliktforschung
Erscheinungsdatum
2022 (Juli)
Note
1,7
Schlagworte
Electoral aid party assistance Chile USA democracy

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Titel: U.S. Electoral aid and party assistance and the 1988 Presidential Plebiscite in Chile